Testicular Health

Testicular Health

Just as women need to be aware of how their breasts normally look and feel so do men about their testicles. Like women’s breasts, most men’s testicles should be similar in size, though it is quite common for one to be slightly bigger or hang lower than the other.

Your testicles (also known as testes/balls) are part of your reproductive system. They are two small egg-shaped organs found below your penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum. The testicles lie outside your body because they need to be at a lower temperature than your body so they can make sperm.

Your testicles also make the hormone, testosterone. This hormone is responsible for male qualities including a deep voice, facial hair and strong muscles. It also gives you a sex drive and the ability to have an erection.

Cancer of the testicles usually affects men between 20 to 55 years of age. The most common symptom of this disease is a painless lump or swelling in the testicles, sometimes an ache in the scrotum or a feeling of discomfort may also be a sign. However, there are several other causes of testicular lumps and symptoms of testicular discomfort, most of which are not related to cancer.

Men should check their testicles regularly for lumps. Below are some useful links to videos and information showing how to check your testicles. If you notice any symptoms or changes in your testicles, or are ever worried about any testicular problem, you should request an appointment to come and see us immediately. Clinical examination and referral for ultrasound are quick and painless procedures. Many medical conditions share similar symptoms to testicular cancer which can be treated simply if detected early, so it’s important not to ignore your symptoms.

Don’t feel embarrassed about getting checked out, we are experienced health professionals and are happy to talk about any concerns you may have.

Please contact reception on 091 740340 for more information or to book you appointment.

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Useful links:

Patient – More Information on the Male Reproductive System

Patient – Get to know your testicles

The Movember Foundation – Know Thy Nuts: Get to Know Your Nuts video 1 and video 2.

The Try Guys – Video of their First Prostate and Testicluar Exams

Irish Cancer Society – Guide to Testicluar Cancer


Content developed from HSE www.hse.ie and NHS Choices www.nhs.uk is adapted for Galway East Medical Practice by Galway East Medical Practice.

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