The menopause is one of the most significant biological changes a woman will go through in her life. The menopause is defined as the last menstrual period and occurs as a natural reduction in hormone production as a woman gets older. The falling level of hormones, particularly oestrogen, is thought to cause the menopausal symptoms that many women experiences.

Most women go through the menopause between the ages of 45 and 55 years, but this can vary significantly from woman to woman. The symptoms you may experience are outlined below.


Early symptoms may include:

Later symptoms may develop due to the lack of oestrogen in the tissues surrounding the bladder and vagina. These include:

Other effects of low oestrogen may include:

●      Hot flushes

●      Night sweats

●      Heart palpitations

●      Shortness of breath

●      Chest tightness

●      Headaches

●      Dizziness

●      Mood swings

●      Irritability

●      Anxiety

●      Decreased sex drive

●      Poor sleep pattern

●      Difficulty concentrating

●      Forgetfulness

●      Increased frequency of passing urine

●      Discomfort when passing urine

●      Urine infections

●      Leakage of urine

●      Vaginal dryness


●      Dry skin and hair

●      Brittle nails.


As the menopause is a natural process, there is no medical treatment for menopause but there are treatment options available for the symptoms associated with menopause.

Appointment: We will be happy to discuss these treatments options with you and help you to make an informed decision as to the treatment best suited to your specific health needs. Our Menopause consultation is approx. a 30min appointment with one of our female GP’s and costs €80, please call Reception on 091 740340 to book. Further investigations such as Blood tests, an ECG, or 24 hr. BP monitoring will incur a separate charge.


Useful Links

Well Woman Centre – Well Woman Centre Guide to the menopause

Well Woman Centre – Well Woman Centre Factsheet on Hot Flushes

Please contact reception on 091 740340 for more information or to book you appointment.


Content developed from HSE and NHS Choices is adapted for Galway East Medical Practice by Galway East Medical Practice.

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